اثرات جانبی دو حشره‌کش فلوپیرادیفورون و هگزافلومورون روی پارامترهای زیستی بالتوری سبز معمولیChrysoperla carnea با تغذیه از پسیل معمولی پستهAgonoscena pistaciae

نوع مقاله : مدیریت آفات و بیماری‌های گیاهی

نویسندگان

1 گروه حشره شناسی، دانشکده علوم و کشاورزی، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران

2 گروه حشره شناسی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

3 گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،‌ واحد رفسنجان

10.22092/jaep.2022.359740.1453

چکیده

بالتوری سبز معمولیChrysoperla carnea  یک شکارگر چندخوار است که انتشار جهانی دارد و به آفات مختلف از جمله تخم و پوره­های پسیل معمولی پستهAgonoscena pistaciae  حمله می­کند. در این پژوهش اثرات جانبی دو حشره­کش هگزافلومورون و فلوپیرادیفورون در غلظت توصیه شده (به‌ترتیب به‌میزان 500 و 700 میلی لیتر در هزار لیتر آب) روی رشد، تولید مثل و پارامترهای جمعیت بالتوری C. carnea با تغذیه از پوره­های پسیل پسته A.pistaciae  غوطه ور شده در محلول حشره­کش مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت (r) در شاهد، فلوپیرادیفورون و هگزافلومورون به‌ترتیب 0.1320±0.0066، 0.1119±0.0006 و  0.08239±0.0094روز-1 و نرخ متناهی افزایش جمعیت (λ) به‌ترتیب 1.1411±0.0076، 1.1184±0.0073 و 1.0858±0.0102 روز-1 در سه گروه آماری جداگانه جای گرفتند. همچنین نرخ خالص تولیدمثل (R0) (نتاج) در دو تیمار شاهد (357.63±0.11) و فلوپیرادیفورون (247.26±43.03) با هگزافلومورون  (38.04±12.37)اختلاف آماری نشان دادند. بر اساس این نتایج، فلوپیرادیفورون بر خلاف هگزافلومورون، اثر منفی قابل توجهی بر زنده­مانی و تولید مثل شکارگر C. carnea نداشت.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The side effects of two insecticide, flupyradifurone and hexaflumuron on the biological parameters of the Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) feeding on Agonoscena pistaciae Burckhardt and Lauterer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bita Nematollahi 1
  • Mehdi Gheibi 1
  • Shahram Hesami 2
  • Mohammad reza Hassani 3
1 Department of Entomology, College of Science and Agriculture, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Shiraz branch, Islamic Azad University
3 Department of Entomology, Rafsanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rafsanjan Iran
چکیده [English]

The common green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neu.: Chrysopidae) is a cosmopolitan polyphagous
The common green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea is a cosmopolitan polyphagous predator, attacking various pests, including eggs and nymphs of the common pistachio psylla, Agonoscena pistaciae. In this study, side effects of two insecticides, flupyradifurone and hexaflumuron, were investigated on the biological parameters of the common green lacewing, C. carnea population by feeding method in which pistachio psylla nymphs immersed in the insecticide solution. Results has shown that there were significant differences among treatments for intrinsic rate of natural increase (r), the finite rate of increase (λ) and net reproductive rates (R0) parameters. The results of statistical analysis showed that intrinsic rate of natural increase (r) and the finite rate of increase (λ) in control (1.1411±0.0076, 0.1320±0.0066), flupyradifurone (1.1184±0.0073, 0.1119±0.0006) and hexaflumoron (0.08239±0.0094, 1.0858±0.0102) d-1 were placed in three separate groups. Also, the net reproduction rate in the two treatments of control (357.63±0.11) and flupyradifurone (247.26±43.03) (offspring) were in the same statistical group which showed a statistical difference with hexaflumoron (38.04±12.37).  According to these results, flupyradifurone, in contrast to hexaflumuron, did not have a significant negative effect on r, λ and R0 of C. carnea.
 
.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biological parameters
  • pesticids
  • pistachio common psylla
  • the common green lacewing
AHMED, S., M.S., NISAR, M.M., SHAKIR, M. IMRAN and K., IQBAL. 2014. Comparative efficacy of some neonicotinoids and traditional Insecticides on sucking insect pests and their natural enemies on Bt-121 cotton crop. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 24(2): 660-663.
ALSENDI, A., M.R, HAVASI, J., NOZARI and G.R., GOLMOHAMMADI. 2021. Changes in biological parameters of green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea Stephens (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), in contact with
the sub-lethal concentrations of thiamtoxam,
imidacloprid, and acetamiprid. Plant Protection journal, 44:59-77.
ALVES JF., S, MENDES., A, ALVES DA SILVA., JP, SOUSA  and D, PAREDES. 2021. Land-Use Effect on Olive Groves Pest Prays oleae and on Its potential biocontrol agent Chrysoperla carnea. Insects 12(46): 1-14.
AMARASEKARE, K.G. and P.W., SHEARER. 2013. Comparing Effects of Insecticides on Two Green Lacewings Species, Chrysoperla johnsoni and Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 106(3): 1126-1133
ASADI EEIDVAND, M., G, GOLMOHAMMADI, and H, GHAJARIYEH. 2016. Lethal and sublethal effects of four insecticides on egg and first larvae green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea in laboratory conditions. Iranian Journal of Plant Protection. 46(2): 331-339.
ATTALAH, Y.H. and L.D, NEWSOM. 1966. Ecological and nutritional studies on Coleomegilla maculate De Geer (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). The effect of DDT, toxaphene and endrin on the reproductive and survival potentials. Journal of Economic Entomology. 59: 1181-1187.
AZIZI, M., A, SOLTANI, and S, KHAVARI KHORASANI. 2008. Canola (physiology, agronomy, breeding and biotechnology). Jihad University of Mashhad Press. page 230 (In Farsi).
AZMA, M. and A, MIRABZADEH. 2004. Discussions about the use of natural enemies in the biological control of pests. Sepehr Publications, Tehran. 213pp.
BARBOSA, P.R., J.P., MICHAUD, C.L., BAIN, and J.B., TORRES. 2017. Toxicity of three aphicides to the generalist predators Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) and Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). Ecotoxicology, 26(5), pp.589-599.
BISHOP, B. 1996 .We should develop and release pesticide resistant natural enemies. American Entomologist. 3: 167-168
CANARD, M, and Y, SEMERIA. 1984. Biology of Chrysopidae. Junk Publishers. The Hague.
CAREY, J. R..1993. Applied demography for biologists with special emphasis on insects”, Oxford University Press, NewvYork. Pp. 206.
CHI, H. 1988. Life-Table Analysis Incorporating Both Sexes and Variable Development Rates Among Individuals. Environmental Entomology. 17(1): 26–34.
CHI, H. 2006. Life table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rates among individuals. Enviromental Entomology. 17: 26-34.
CHI, H. and Liu, H. 1985. Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology. Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology. 24, 225-240.
CHI, H., YOU, M., ATLIHAN, R., SMITH, C.L., KAVOUSI, A.,  ÖZGOKCE, M. S., GUNCAN, A., TUAN, S. J., FU, J. W., XU, Y.Y.,  ZHENG, F. Q., YE, B. H., CHU, D., YU, Y., GHAREKHANI, G., SASKA, P., GOTOH, T., SCHNEIDER, M. I., BUSSAMAN, P., GOKCE, A., and T. X. LIU. 2020. Age-Stage, two-sex life table: an introduction to theory, data analysis, and application. Entomologia Generalis, 40(2):103–124.
CLOYD, R. 2012. Indirect Effects of Pesticides on Natural Enemies. Pesticides, Advances in Chemical and Botanical Pesticides, 127-150.
CROFT, B. A. 1990. Arthropod biological control agents and pesticides. 1 st Edn., John Wiley and Sons, New York,725 pp
DABROWSKI Z. T. 1969. Laboratory studies on the toxicity of pesticides for Typhlodromus finlandicus Oud and Phytoseius macropilis Banks (Phytoseiidae, Acarina). Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych. 95:337–69.
DEMPESTER, J.P. 1968. The sublethal effect of DDT on the rate of feeding by the groundbeetle Harpalus rufipes. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 11: 51-54.
DESNEUX, N., A, DECOURTYE AND J. M, DELPUECH. 2007. The sublethal effects of pesticides on beneficial arthropods. Annul review of entomology. 52: 81–106.
DESNEUX, N., R, DENOYELLE and L, KAISER. 2006. A multi-step bioassay to assess the effect of the deltamethrin on the parasitic wasp Aphidius ervi. Chemosphere. 65: 1697-1706.
GHEIBI, M. and Y, TAHERI. 2008. Effect of flupyradifurone, spirotetramat and thiacloprid insecticides on common pistachio psylla, Agonoscena pistaciae Burckhardt & Lauterer (Hem: Psyllidae). Journal of Entomological Research 8(4): 255-270.
GOLMOHAMMADI, G.H. and M, HEJAZI. 2014. Toxicity and side effects of three insecticides on adult Chrysoperla carnea (Neu: Chrysopidae) under laboratory conditions. Journal of Entomology Society of Iran. 33: 23-28.
GOLMOHAMMADI, GH., HEJAZI, M.J., IRANIPOUR, SH. and S.A, MOHAMMADI. 2013. Sublethal Effects of three insecticides on adults green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea Stephens with demographic toxicology method. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology, 81(1): 73- 82.
GRAPEL, H. 1982. Investigations on the influence of some insecticides on natural enemies of aphids. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrnkheiten und Pflanzenschutz. 89:241–252
GREEVE, L. 1984. Chrysopid distribution in northern latitudes, in biology of Chrysopidae (Canard, M., Séméria, Y. and New, T. R. (Eds). Junk Publishers. The Hague. pp. 180-186.
HAM, E.H., J.S., LEE, M.Y., JANG and J.K. PARK. 2019. Toxic effects of 12 pesticides on green lacewing, Chrysoperla nipponensis (Okamoto) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Entomological Research, 49: 305–312
HOSSEINI S., H, ABBASIPOUR., A, ASKARIANZADEH and A, NOROOZI. 2020. Sublethal effects of flupyradifurone insecticide on the life table parameters of the mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt). Plant Pest Research. 10 (1): 55-68.
HUANG, Y.B. and H. CHI. 2011. The age-stage, two-sex life table with an offspring sex ratio dependent on female age. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 60, pp.337-345.
IRANNEJAD, M.K., M.A, SAMIH, K, TALEBI JAHROMI and A, ALIZADEH. 2011. Investigation on the Effects of some Pesticides and Plant Extracts on Life Table of Chrysoperla carnea (Neu: Chrysopidae).  Iranian Journal of Plant Protection Science, 42: 33-46.
IRVING, S. N. and I. J, WYATT. 1973. Effects of sublethal doses of pesticides on the ovipisition behavior of Encarsia formosa. Annals of Applied Biology. 75: 57-62.
JOOYANDEH, A. 2000. Mass producttion of common green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Steph.) (Neu.: Chrysopidae) “New methods in group rearing of the larvae” Proceedings of the the 14th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, 5–8 Sept., Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan Iran. p.176.
LAWRENCE, P. O., S.H, KERR and W.H, WHITCOMB. 1973. Chrysopa rufilabris. Effect of selected pesticides on duration of third larval stadium, pupa stage and adult survival. Environmental Entomology. 2: 477-480.
LAWRENCE, P. O. 1981. Developmental and reproductive biologies of the parasitic wasp, Biosteres longicaudatus, reared on hosts treated with a chitin synthesis inhibitor. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 1: 403– 406.
MEDINA, P., SMAGGHE, G., BUDIA, F., TIRRY, L., and E, VINUELA. 2003. Toxicity and absorption of azadirachtin, diflubenzuron, pyriproxyfen, and tebufenozide after topical application in predatory larvae of Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Environmental Entomology, 32(1), 196-203.
MEHRNEJAD, M.R. 2010. Potential biological control agents of the common pistachio psylla, Agonoscena pistaciae, a review. Entomofauna, 31: 249-272.
MORRISON, R.K. 1985. Chrysopa carnea in: Singh P, Moor RF, (Eds) Handbook of insect rear. Vol. I. Elsevier Science publishing Company Inc, Amesterdam. 414-426.
MUHAMMAD FAISAL, S., M.R, ABU BAKAR., A, KANWER SHAHZAD., A, MUHAMMAD ASGHAR and M, MUHAMMAD ZEESHAN. 2016. Efficiency of Chrysoperla carnea and Trichogramma chilonis Against Infestation of Citrus Leafminer (Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton). Academic Journal of Entomology. 9 (1): 14-19.
Noorbakhsh, S. 2022. List of important pests, diseases and weeds of major agricultural products and pesticides and recommended methods to control them. (revision). Ministry of Jihad Agriculture, Plant Protection Organization, Pest Control Deputy. 221 pages
PANAHI, B., M., BASIRAT and S. J, HOSSEINIFARD. 2013. The effect of liquid detergent on common pistachio psylla, Agonoscena pistaciae, soil and plant. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, Vol. 6 (12): 794-807.
PAULO, R. R. BARBOSA, P. R. R.,  MICHAUD, J. P.,  BAIN, C. L. and J. B, TORRES. 2017. Toxicity of three aphicides to the generalist predators Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) and Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). Ecotoxicology. DOI 10.1007/s10646-017-1792-5, 1-11.
PEREZ-GUERREO, S., A, GELAN-BEGNA and E, VARGAS-OSUNA. 2013. Impact of Cheiracanthium pelasgicum (Araneae: Miturgidae) and Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) intraguild predation on the potential control of cotton pest Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology. 24(2): 216-228.
PIRMOHAMMADI, M., MAHDIAN, K., SAMIH, M.A. and SH, SHAHIDI-NOGHABI. 2013. Sublethal effects of some plant extracts and imidachloprid on life table parameters of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Journal of Entomological Research, 6: 3, 215-232. 
POOYE, E., Z, SHEIBANI TEZERJI, and M.R, HASSANI. 2019. Effect of different insecticides on eggs and nymphs of Agonoscena pistaciae (Hemiptera: Aphalaridae) under field conditions. Journal of Applied Research in Plant Protection. 8(1):19-31.
RAZAVI, S. H. and K, MAHDIAN. 2015.  Evaluation the toxicity of Viola odorata extract and Spirotetramat pesticide on the Agonoscena pistaciae (Hemiptera: Psyllidea). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 3(5): 110-114.
REZAEI, M., K, TALEBI., V, HOSSEININAVEH and A, KAVOUSI. 2007. Impacts of the pesticides imidacloprid, propargite, and pymetrozine on Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae): IOBC and life table Assays. Biological Control. 52: 385–398.
ROSENHEIM, J. A., and B. E, TABASHNIK. 1991. Influence of generation time on the rate of response to selection. The American Naturalist, 137(4), 527-541.
REZAEI, E., SEDARATIAN-JAHROMI, A., GHANE-JAHROMI, A.  and M, HAGHANI. 2018. How sublethal concentrations of Bifenazate affect biological parameters of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) at laboratory conditions. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran. 38 (3), 345-359.
SABER, M., VOJOUDI, S., FARROKHI, M. and A, AHMADI. 2017. Effect of Field Recommended Rates of Emamectin Benzoate and Spinosad on Biological Parameters of Green Lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neu.: Chrysopidae) under Laboratory Conditions. Journal of Applied Research in Plant Protection, 7: 57-67.
SABRY, K.H. and A.A, EL-SAYED. 2011. Biosafety of a biopesticide and some pesticides used on cotton crop against green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Stehens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Journal of Biopesticides, 4 (2): 214-218.
SAMIH, M.A., A, ALIZADEH and R, SABERI RISEH. 2005. Important pests and diseases of pistachio in Iran and their IPM. Organization of Jihad-e-university, Tehran. 301pp.
SHAKOORZADEH, M., H. RAFIEE DASTJERDI, M.H., GOLMOHAMMADI, GH., HASSANPOUR, M. and A, GOLIZADEH. 2013. Lethal and sublethal effects of dinotefuran and thiamethoxam on the population growth parameters of the green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Neu.: Chrysopidae), under laboratory conditions. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran. 33: 1-9.
SCHNEIDER, M. I., SANCHEZ, N., PINEDA, S., CHI, H. and A, RONCO. 2009. Impact of glyphosate on the development, fertility and demography of Chrysoperla externa (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae): Ecological Approach. Chemosphere 76(10), 1451–1455.
STARK J.D. and J.E, BANKS. 2003. Population-level effects of pesticides and other toxicants on arthropods. Annul review of entomology. 48: 505–519.
STARK, J.D. and T, RANGUS. 1994. Lethal and sublethal effects of the neem insecticide, Margosan-O, on the pea aphid. Pesticide Science. 41:155-60.
STARK, J.D., T.T.Y, WONG., RI, VARGAS. and R.K, THALMAN. 1992. Survival, longevity, and reproduction of tephritid fruit fly parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) reared from fruit flies exposed to azadirachtin. Journal of Economic Entomology. 85:1125-1129.
SUÁREZ-LÓPEZ, Y.A., A.E., HATEM, H.K., ALDEBIS, and E., VARGAS-OSUNA. 2020. Lethal and sublethal effects of lufenuron on the predator Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens)(Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Crop Protection, 135, p.105217.
SUN, R., LIU, C., ZHANG, H., AND Q, WANG. 2015. Benzoylurea chitin synthesis inhibitors. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 63(31): 6847-6865.
TALEBI, K., HOSSEININAVEH, V. and M, GHADAMYARI. 2011. Ecological impacts of pesticides in agricultural ecosystem. Pesticides in the Modern World–Risks and Benefits”(M. Stoytcheva, ed.). In Tech Open Access Publisher, Rijeka, Croatia, pp.143-168.
TALEBI, K., KAVOUSI, A. and Q, SABAHI. 2008. Impacts of pesticides on arthropod biological control agents. Pest Technology, 2(2), pp.87-97.
VINSON, S.B. 1974. Effect of an insect growth regulator on two parasitoide developing from treated tobacco budworm larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology. 67: 335-336.
VOGT, H. and E, VINULA. 2001. Effects of pesticids, in lacewing in the crop environment (Mc‌Ewen P, New TR, Whittington AE, Eds). Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. pp. 357-366.