تهیه مدل پیش‌آگاهی کرم خوشه‌خوار انگور Lobesia botrana بر مبنای فنولوژی تابع دما

نوع مقاله : حشره شناسی کشاورزی

نویسندگان

1 موسسه تحقیقات گیاه پزشکی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران، ایران

2 مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان قزوین، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، قزوین، ایران.

3 مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان کردستان، سنندج، ایران

4 گروه حشره شناسی کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، ایران

10.22092/jaep.2022.360174.1458

چکیده

خوشه‌خوار انگور،Lobesia botrana Denis & Schiffermüller  مهم‌ترین آفت تاکستان‌های کشور است. در این پژوهش، هم‌زمان با ثبت تغییرات ساعتی دمای محیط، نوسانات فصلی جمعیت خوشه‌خوار انگور در استان­های قزوین و کردستان بررسی و‌ بر اساس آن مدل پیش‌آگاهی مبتنی بر فنولوژی تابع دما، برای جمعیت­ های مستقر در این دو استان تهیه شد. شکار اولین شب پرة خوشه‌خوار انگور توسط تله‌های فرومونی به‌عنوان معیار رخداد بیوفیکس در نظرگرفته شد. اوج پرواز شب‌پرک‌ها بسته به‌تغییرات دمای محیط در نسل اول در ماه اردیبهشت، نسل دوم در اواخر خرداد تا اوایل تیر و نسل سوم از اواسط مرداد تا اوایل شهریور مشاهده و ثبت شد. همچنین میانگین گرمای مؤثر ساعتی تجمعی (GDH) برای رخداد نسل‌های اول، دوم و سوم آفت مورد بررسی از تاریخ بیوفیکس در مناطق مختلف به‌ترتیب 1045-946، 13014-19866 و 37179-40801
ساعت-درجة سلسیوس بود. مقادیر گرمای مؤثر ساعتی تجمعی ارائه شده، بعد از اعتبارسنجی دقت داده‌ها، به‌عنوان مدلی برای پیش‌بینی زمان رخدادهای اوج پرواز شب‌پره‌های هر یک از نسل‌های آفت قابل استفاده خواهد بود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Providing forecasting model of grape berry moth, Lobesia botrana based on temperature-dependent phenology

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Ranjbar Aghdam 1
  • Babak Gharali 2
  • salahaldin kamangar 3
  • Ladan Sedighi 4
1 Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension (AREEO), Tehran, Iran.
2 Qazvin Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension (AREEO), Qazvin, Iran.
3 Kurdistan, Agricultural and Natural Resourses Research and Education Center, Sanandaj, Iran
4 Department of Agricultural Entomology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The grape berry moth, Lobesia botrana Denis & Schiffermüller is the most important insect pest in the vineyards of Iran. In the present study at the same time as recording the hourly environmental temperature, seasonal population fluctuation of the grape berry moth was studied in Qazvin and Kurdistan provinces and accordingly its forecasting model developed based on temperature- dependent phenology. First capture of the male moth by the pheromone traps was considered as biofix. Moth flight peak in the first, second and third generations of the grape berry moth were observed in April-May, June, and August, respectively. Mean Growing Degree Hours for incidence of the 1, 2, and 3 generations were 945-1045, 1014-19866, and 37179-40801 Degree Hours from the date of biofix, respectively. Estimated values of Growing Degree Hours can be used as a forecasting model to determine physiological time of each generation after validating the accuracy of the data.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Forecasting
  • grape berry moth
  • model
  • phenology
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