تعیین مقاومت ژنوتیپ‌های گندم نسبت به بیماری پوسیدگی‌ ریشه ناشی از Bipolaris sorokiniana و برهمکنش آن با قارچ‌های Fusarium culmorum و F. pseudograminearum در شرایط گلخانه

نوع مقاله : بیماری‌شناسی گیاهی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری بیماری شناسی گیاهی، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی وصنایع غذایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات،

2 عضو هیئت علمی موسسه تحقیقات گیاه پزشکی کشور

3 گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی و صنایع غذایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، ایران، تهران

4 گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی و صنایع غذایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در تحقیق حاضر، 66 ژنوتیپ گندم نان و دوروم از نظر مقاومت به بیماری‌های ناشی از قارچ‌های Bipolaris sorokiniana،
Fusarium pseudograminearum و F. culmorumبه‌تنهایی و در تلفیق با B. sorokiniana در شرایط گلخانه مورد آزمایش قرار گرفتند. نتایج نشان‌داد که 11 ژنوتیپ C-87-11، C-87-18، BACANORA /3/MASON/JGR//PECOS، 05899G01-2، F06580G2-1، F06659G6-1، McCormick/Trego، VA01W-205/TX99D4628، .GA951079-3-5/Neuse، Owl,85224*-3H-*o-HOH/7/T.SPH/2*H567.71//4/CMH79.959/6/Gaspard و AWD99*5725/FL9547 در برابر بیماری ناشی از B. sorokiniana و تلفیق آن با گونه‌های فوزاریوم، نسبتاً مقاوم بودند و از بین آن‌ها، سه ژنوتیپ C-87-11، GA951079-3-5 / Neuse و 05899G01-2 در برابر بیماری ناشی از تلفیق هر سه گونه قارچی مقاوم‌تر بودند که برای مطالعات بیشتر در زمینه به‌نژادی توصیه می‌شوند .تجزیه خوشه‌ای ژنوتیپ‌های گندم و اثرات متقابل ترکیبات قارچی استفاده شده روی آن‌ها، توانست ژنوتیپ‌های مختلف با حساسیت و مقاومت نسبی را به‌خوبی از یکدیگر جدا نماید، ژنوتیپ‌های نسبتاً مقاوم در گروه سه دندروگرام‌های مزبور‌ قرار گرفتند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Determination of wheat genotypes resistance to the root rot caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana and its interaction with Fusarium culmorum and F. pseudograminearum in greenhouse

نویسندگان [English]

  • mekameh mahdavi 1
  • Mohammad Razavi 2
  • Hamid reza zamanizadeh 3
  • Saeed Rezaee 4
1 PhD. Student, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food Industries, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Scientific member of Iranain Research Institute of Plant Protection
3 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food Industries, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food Industries, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Fungal species Fusarium pseudograminearum, F. culmorum and Bipolaris sorokiniana are the most economically important pathogens causing crown and root rot of cereals. The use of resistant cultivars can be the most efficient measure to reduce the effect of this disease. As an alternative strategy, screening of resistant wheat genotypes has been emphasized in the recent studies. This research was conducted to evaluate level of resistance of 66 genotypes of bread wheat and durum wheat to B. sorokiniana, F. pseudograminearum and F. culmorum isolates in greenhouse condition. These experiments were conducted based on completely randomized design with seven replications in greenhouse condition. The results showed that, 11 genotypes including C-87-11, C-87-18, BACANORA /3/MASON/JGR//PECOS, 05899G01-2, F06580G2-1, F06659G6-1, McCormick/Trego, VA01W-205/TX99D4628, GA951079-3-5/Neuse, Owl,85224*-3H-*o-HOH/7/T.SPH/2*H567.71//4/CMH79.959/6/Gaspard and AWD99*5725/FL9547 were moderately resistant to diseases caused by B. sorokiniana isolates and its combination with F. pseudograminearum and F. culmorum. Among these genotypes, three genotypes C-87-11, GA951079-3-5 / Neuse and 05899G01-2 were resistant to the combination of all diseases caused by these three fungal species. These genotypes have potential to be incorporated into wheat breeding programs. Cluster analysis of reaction of wheat genotypes to all diseases caused by these three fungal species, as well as to different combination of them were able to separate susceptibe and relatively resistant genotypes from each other. In both dendrograms, genotypes that were relatively resistant to disease caused byB. sorokiniana and its combination with other diseases caused by fungal species were grouped into cluster 3.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bipolaris sorokiniana
  • Fusarium pseudograminearum
  • F. culmorum
  • genotypes
  • resistance
  • root rot
  • Wheat
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